Knowledge compilation on teleworking from home
A new knowledge compilation from the Swedish Agency for Work Environment Expertise shows what the conditions for teleworking from home looked like during the current pandemic.
The knowledge synthesis consists of two parts: a part on voluntary telework before the pandemic and a part on recommended telework from home during the pandemic. The summary shows the advantages and disadvantages of teleworking from home under different conditions, but also provides a basis for conclusions on what needs to change to make teleworking from home work better in the future.
The Swedish studies of teleworking during the pandemic show positive results regarding:
- work and health
- work-life balance
- productivity and efficiency
Experience and equipment are necessary to work independently from home. Independence includes experience, judgement, the ability to act independently, support and assistance when needed, and regular contact with colleagues and managers.
International research on teleworking prior to the pandemic shows positive results. The confidence to work independently and the freedom to work at one's own pace and choose when and how to do the work was appreciated by workers. The disadvantages of teleworking were a feeling of isolation and a lack of social community.
For a comparison of the same areas during the current pandemic - work and health, work-life balance and productivity - there was a lack of original scientifically published articles, which related to Swedish conditions.
More research needed on hybrid work
Based on the assumption that future teleworking without pandemic restrictions will be a mix of work at home and at the primary workplace - so-called hybrid work - there are practical knowledge and research needs on, among others, the following issues:
What types of tasks are appropriate and less appropriate to perform during telework at home?
What are the obstacles or advantages of working at home and at the primary workplace?
Read the full knowledge compilation via the links on the top right of the page.
The compilation is based on extensive international research literature and a limited number of unpublished studies on Swedish conditions in three different areas, work environment and health, work-life balance and productivity.
The authors of the knowledge compilation are Gunnar Aronsson, Professor Emeritus of Work Organisation and Health, Stockholm University and Ulf Lundberg, Professor Emeritus of Biological Psychology, Stockholm University.