Lectures and seminars Lecture with Simone Dalla Bella: "You got rhythm, or not: The marvel of individual differences"
Welcome to a lecture with Simone Dalla Bella, co-director, International Laboratory for Brain, Music and Sound research (BRAMS), on individual differences in rhythmic skills and how they can be exploited for the purpose of music-based interventions.
You got rhythm, or not: The marvel of individual differences
Professor Simone Dalla Bella, Department of Psychology, University of Montreal, Canada
Co-director, International Laboratory for Brain, Music and Sound research (BRAMS)
Rhythmic skills are widespread in humans. The majority, musicians and nonmusicians alike, can perceive the underlying pulse when listening to music, and synchronize to the beat by finger tapping or body swaying. Yet, there are some important inter-individual differences in these abilities. Some individuals encounter major difficulties in moving to the beat (poor synchronizers). Poor synchronization can be found in the general population (beat deafness), as a result of a neurodevelopmental disorder (e.g., ADHD), or of a neurodegenerative disease in the elderly (e.g., Parkinson’s disease).
I will present evidence from my lab showing different phenotypes of rhythm and synchronization disorders in various populations assessed with our Battery for The Assessment of Auditory Sensorimotor and Timing Abilities (BAASTA). The battery includes a variety of perceptual and sensorimotor tests, thereby allowing a systematic assessment of rhythmic skills.
Moreover, I will show how individual differences in rhythmic skills can be exploited for the purpose of music-based interventions. I will focus in particular on the rehabilitation of movement disorders in patients with Parkinson's disease. This approach calls for using assistive mobile technologies capable of delivering individualized rhythmic stimulation to the patients, taking into account inter-individual variability.